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Manas, at the base of foot hills of the Bhutan-Himalayas in the state of Assam, with unique biodiversity and landscape is one of the first reserves included in the network of tiger reserve under Project tiger in 1973.
 
In 1985, the Manas Wildlife Sanctuary was inscribed as World Heritage Site.

In 1989, Manas acquired the status of a Biosphere reserve.It extends over an area of 2837 Sq. Km from Sankosh river in the west to Dhansiri river in the east, with a core area of 500 Sq. Km. of the National park, which declared in 1990. The average elevation of the area is 85 m above mean sea level. The river Manas flows into the national Park from the gorges of Bhutan and split into two major streams of which the main water course comes out of the National Park about 30 km downstream is known as ‘Beki”. The peace and tranquility of Mothanguri tourists site on the bank of river Manas close to Bhutan is the rarest gift of the nature and in its finest form.

There is no insurgency in the park as reported by most of the uninformed sources. With the coming of the Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC), a peacefull situation has prevailed over the entire park. In the past, bad law and order situation was utilized by the organized smuggling gangs to operate inside. Now, there is no need of fearful attitude to step in the park. Such imaginary fears are not necessary for visiting Manas.

About the half of the Park is covered by Grasslands of Terai and Bhabar type, the riparian areas have colonizing grasslands and woodlands of several species. The thick woodlands are called Eastern Moist Deciduous Forests of various types. The undergrowths are very thick. There are more than 650 species of Angiosperms alone. The commonly seen trees are the Simul, Oxi, Sissoo, Khaie, Gamari, etc.

Manas is the only landscape in the world where pristine Terai Grasslands are seen merging with the Bhabar grasslands interspersed with diverse habitats ascending to Semi-Evergreen forests and then to Bhutan Himalayas. The Biodiversity is very rich here. The last population of the Pygmy Hog survive in the wilds of Manas and nowhere else in the world.

   
Tiger  
Manas is very rich in the population of Royal Bengal Tigers. Presently the popu-lation of Tigers are counted up to 60, although a ride through the park may not guarantee a tiger sighting.
   
Bird life  
The diverse habita of Manas is ideal home for a specialized birds. Manas boasts the largest population of the endangered Bengal Florican in the world and is also a great place to see the Great Hornbill. The National Park lists around 380 species of birds. Notable amongst are Greater Adjutant, Black-tailed Crake, Red-headed Trogo, Swamp Francolin, Wreathed and Rufous-necked Hornbill, Marsh and Jerdon’s Babbler, Rufous-rumped and Bristled Grassbirds, Hodgson’s Bush-chat, Rufous-ventec Laughingthrush, Finn’s Weaver, Ibis bill and variety of foothills species.
     
Vegetation    
 
The Burma Monsoon Forests of Manas lie on the borders between the Indo-Gangetic and Indo-Malayan bio-geographical realms and is part of the Brahmaputra Valley Biogeographic Province. The combination of Sub-Himalayan Bhabar Terai formation with riverine succession leading up to Sub-Himalayan mountain forest makes it one of the richest biodiversity areas in the world.
     

     
     
  Other Wildlife Destination.
Kaziranga National Park
Kaziranga National Park is a national park in the Golaghat and Nagaon district...
  Nameri National Park
  Nameri National Park is located in the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas in the Sonitpur District of Assam...
 
 
Manas National Park
 
History

1905 : Proposed Reserve Forest.
1907 : Manas Reserve Forest
1928 : Game Sanctuary.
1950 : Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (360 sq. kms)
1973 : Declared as Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger (2837 sq. kms).
1985 : Declared as World Heritage Site (Natural) by UNESCO for outstanding universal value.
1989 : Declared as Biosphere Reserve under Man & Biosphere Programme of UNESCO (2837 sq. kms).
1990 : Declared as National Park (500 sq. kms).
2003: Declared as Chirang – Ripu Elephant Reserve under Project Elephant (2600 sq. kms)
2011: “Danger” tag removed following the advice of IUCN, UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee.
 
Two major biomes are represented in Manas - the grassland biome and the forest biome.
 
The main vegetation types are: i) Sub-Himalayan Light Alluvial Semi-Evergreen forests in the northern parts, ii) East Himalayan mixed Moist and Dry Deciduous forests (the most common type), iii) Low Alluvial Savanna Woodland, and iv) Assam Valley Semi-Evergreen Alluvial Grasslands which cover almost 50% of the Park. Much of the riverine dry deciduous forest is at an early successional stage. It is replaced by moist deciduous forest away from water courses, which is succeeded by semi-evergreen climax forest in the northern part of the park. A total of 543 plants species have been recorded from the core zone. Of these, 374 species are dicotyledons (including 89 trees), 139

Manas is probably a site of what the earth looked like before the arrival of man.
 

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